Generally, younger children have different educational needs from those older children. Kids from birth to eight years old are said to be fast learners. They usually maximize the functions of their bodies and senses. This is because they are very curious about the world around them. They are mostly enthusiastic about the sensations and possible experiences with their physical environment. In fact, they explore the world within the so-called developmental dimensions: social and emotional development, language development, physical well-being and motor development, cognition and general knowledge and approaches toward learning.
Good and proper education is very important to foster and develop the skills appropriate to the age of young children. Most curricula are designed to promote progress in the five aspects of child development. Thus, there are certain standards, which are established to achieve such purpose. In social and emotional development, children should be able to build and maintain meaningful relationships with others. This will result to a more collective and positive learning experience, especially in a classroom situation.
Language development endows children to take part in cognitive and affective areas of the educational program. Activities and experiences with oral and written language offer them tools to clearly interact with other people, which include a certain representation of their feelings, thoughts as well as relevant experiences. Physical well-being and motor development is a way to enhance children’s physical health. If children are healthy, they will become more focus on the learning process.
Cognition and general knowledge pertains to the opportunities of children to interact with both people and objects in their environment. Interactions and experiences with both adult and peers enable the children to build or create knowledge of patterns, while understanding relationships between events and objects. This is also a way to improve their problem solving skills.
Take note that children develop or grow at different paces. Approaches toward learning should be designed according to their individual needs and abilities.