Four to six month old infants should only be breastfeed or feed with formula that includes all the nutritional required by the baby. Infant formulas are available in either powder, concentrate liquid or ready-to-use form. In case your 12-months baby cannot get breast milk, you can get one of the formulas available for infants. Although the infant formulas available in the market have some differences, they all have nutrients combinations that the baby needs. Ready to use formulas are always more recommended but are more expensive. Other hand concentrated formulas and border-form formulas are more affordable but need to diluted. Dilution of any concentrated baby formula should be done in a given ration and using clean water.
Different types of formulas:
All babies need iron in their diet. It is always important to use formula that is fortified with some iron unless the child’s doctor recommends otherwise. Here are the most common and recommended baby formulas available in the market.
Standard Cow’s Milk-based Formulas:
About 95 percent of infants perfowm well on cow’s milk-based formulas. This baby formula includes cow’s milk proteins that has been fortified to resemble breast milk. It features minerals and lactose from the cow’s milk as well as mineral, vitamins, and Vegetable oils.
It should be noted that the fussiness and colic, which is a common problem among all babies, are not caused by the cow’s milk formula. In the case of such condition, you should not switch to another formula. Just see your infant’s doctor for advice.
Soy-based formulas are formulated base on soy protein and do not include lactose. Most food nutritionist recommends using cow’s milk-based formulas where possible rather than soy-base formulas. However, for parents who don’t want their children to consume animal protein and cannot breastfeed their children, they can adopt soy-based formulas. It should be noted that no one is sure whether soy-based formulas help in preventing milk allergies and colic or not. In fact, babies who seems allergic to cow’s milk are can as well be allergic to soy milk. Soy-based are particularly important to infants diagnosed with galactosemia condition, which is a rare condition. It can also be the best for babies who cannot digest lactose, a condition common among children under 12 months.
Hypoallergenic and lactose-free formulas
The hypoallergenic baby formula is a formula that is designed to accommodate infants who have allergies to milk proteins and also those who have skin rashes conditions that are caused by allergies. On the other hand, lactose-free formulas are used with children who cannot digest lactose or children who have galactosemia condition. The two special formulas are usually expensive that as compare to the regular formulas.
Other formulas are specific to particular health problems common to young children. Your child’s clinician will be able to recommend the best special formula if he diagnoses any condition in your child.
For instance, reflux formulas are formulas pre-thicken with rice starch, and they are commonly given to babies with reflux condition. Premature and low-birth-weight infants have formulas with extra calories plus minerals that meet the requirements of these babies. There are also some formulas that are specific to children who are experiencing malabsorption syndromes, hearth disease and problems related to an inability to digest fat or process certain amino acids.
We recommend that all babies should be fed with breast milk or a recommended formula for the first 12 months of their life. Most children have slightly different pattern depending on whether he is breastfed or formula fed. It has been shown that breastfed babies tend to eat more often as compared to children who are Formula-fed.
You can start feeding your baby with 2 to 3 ounces of formula per feeding, which total up to about 18 ounces per day. While the baby grows older, breastfeeding should be decreased while the amount of formula is increased to approximately 6 to 8 ounces per feeding. By the time your baby is approaching six months, he should be taking around 28 to 45 ounces of formula a day and should be ready to start the transition to solid foods.
The baby formula is provided until your infant is one-year-old and after one year the infant is given whole milk and not reduced-fat or skim milk. Most standard baby formula includes 20 Kcal/ounce plus 0.45 grams of protein. Formulas based on cow’s milk are most appropriate for full-term as well as preterm infants.